January 15, 2013
August 19, 2012
One of the basic principles of Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah is that they have nothing against the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and they do not say anything against them. Their hearts are free of any hatred, resentment and rancour (towards them) and they do not say anything (about them) that is not appropriate or befitting,
because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And those who came after them say: ‘Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith, and put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed full of kindness, Most Merciful’”
And they obey the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) who said: “Do not revile my companions, for by the One in Whose hand is my soul, if one of you were to spend in charity gold equal to the size of Mount Uhud, he would not achieve the status of one of them, or even come halfway.”
(narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3637; Muslim, 2541).
One of the basic principles of Ahl al-Sunnah is that they accept that which has been narrated in the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and the consensus of the scholars, concerning the virtues and status (of the Sahaabah). They give precedence to those who spent and fought before the victory – the treaty of al-Hudaybiyah – over those who spent and fought afterwards,
because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Not equal among you are those who spent and fought before the Victory. Such are higher in degree than those who spent and fought afterwards. But to all Allaah has promised the best (reward). And Allaah is All-Aware of what you do”
They give precedence to the Muhaajireen over the Ansaar,
because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And the foremost to embrace Islam of the Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allaah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success”
So the aayah gives precedence to the Muhaajireen over the Ansaar.
They believe that Allaah said concerning the people of Badr – who numbered three hundred and umpteen – “Do whatever you like, for I have forgiven you,” because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Maybe Allah looked at the people of Badr and said, ‘Do whatever you like, for I have forgiven you.’”
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3007; Muslim, 2494 – from the hadeeth of ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib)
They believe that no-one who gave the oath of allegiance (bay’ah) under the tree will enter Hell, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said. Rather Allaah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and they numbered more than one thousand and four hundred.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Indeed, Allaah was pleased with the believers when they gave the Bay‘ah (pledge) to you (O Muhammad) under the tree, He knew what was in their hearts, and He sent down As-Sakeenah (calmness and tranquillity) upon them, and He rewarded them with a near victory”
And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “In sha Allaah, no one among the companions of the tree, those who gave their oath of allegiance beneath the tree, will enter Hell.”
(Narrated by Muslim, 2496).
Among those who pledged allegiance beneath the tree were Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthmaan and ‘Ali, may Allaah be pleased with them all.
And they (Ahl al-Sunnah) bear witness that those will enter Paradise who the Messenger of Allaah bore witness that they would enter, such as the ten (who were given the glad tidings of Paradise), and Thaabit ibn Qays ibn Shammaas, and others among the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, ‘Umar will be in Paradise, ‘Uthmaan will be in Paradise, ‘Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf will be in Paradise, Sa’d will be in Paradise, Sa’eed will be in Paradise and Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarraah will be in Paradise.”
(Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4649; al-Tirmidhi, 3747; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani).
They affirm that which has been narrated in mutawaatir reports from ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) and others, that the best among this ummah after its Prophet is Abu Bakr, then ‘Umar. It was narrated that Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah said: “I said to my father (‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib), ‘Which of the people is the best after the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)?’ He said, ‘Abu Bakr.’ I asked, ‘Then who?’ He said, ‘ ‘Umar.’ I was worried that he would say ‘Uthmaan, so I said, ‘Then is it you?’ He said, ‘I am just a man among the Muslims.’”
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3671).
So they (Ahl al-Sunnah) list ‘Uthmaan as the third and ‘Ali as the fourth, may Allaah be pleased with them.
See al-Waasitiyyah by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah, with commentary.
Secondly: it is part of the belief of Ahl al-Sunnah that the most deserving of the people to succeed the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq (may Allaah be pleased with him). The evidence for the leadership of Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with him) is as follows:
1 – It was narrated from Muhammad ibn Jubayr ibn Mut’im that his father said: “A woman came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he told her to come back later. She said, ‘What if I come back and do not find you?’ as if she was referring to death. He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘If you do not find me, then go to Abu Bakr.’”
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3659).
2 – It was narrated that Ibn Mas’ood said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Take as your leaders those who come after me, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar.’”
(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 3805; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani).
3 – It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Whilst I was standing by a well, drawing water from it, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar came. Abu Bakr took the bucket and drew one or two buckets, but there was some weakness in his drawing. May Allah forgive him. Then ‘Umar bin Al-Khattaab came and the bucket turned into a very large one in his hands. I had never seen such a mighty person as he in doing such hard work till all the people drank to their satisfaction and watered their camels that knelt down there.’”
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3676).
Ibn Hajar said in his commentary on this hadeeth:
“Whilst I was standing by a well” means, in a dream. “Drawing water from it” means, filling a bucket with water. “He drew one or two buckets (dhanooban aw dhanoobayn)”: dhanoob refers to a large bucket when it is full of water. It seems to me that this refers to the major conquests which took place during his reign (as khaleefah), which numbered three. Hence the hadeeth does not refer to the number of buckets in the case of ‘Umar, rather it describes his drawing of water as ‘mighty’, referring to the many conquests that would occur during his reign as khaleefah. And Allaah knows best.
Al-Shaafa’i mentioned the interpretation of this hadeeth in al-Umm, where after quoting it he said: The meaning of the phrase “but there was some weakness in his drawing” is that his time of leadership was short, because of his untimely death and the fact that the war against the apostates (ahl al-riddah) kept him from reaching the level of conquests attained by ‘Umar during his lengthy reign as khaleefah.
With regard to the phrase “May Allaah forgive him,” al-Nawawi said: This is a du’aa’ on the part of the one who is speaking, i.e., there can be no other interpretation. Others said that it was an indication that the death of Abu Bakr was close. A similar case is to be seen in the aayah in which Allaah says to His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him):
“So glorify the Praises of your Lord, and ask His forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance and Who forgives”
[al-Nasr 110:3 – interpretation of the meaning]
This aayah was an indication that the death of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was close. I say: it may be that it was an indication that the small number of conquests during his time was not his fault, because the reason for that was the brevity of his rule, and the meaning of forgiveness is to remove any blame from him.
“And the bucket turned into a very large one in his hands” means, it became a huge bucket. “I had never seen such a mighty person as he” means that he achieved the ultimate.
4 – It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to me when he was sick, ‘Call Abu Bakr for me, your father and your brother, so that I may dictate a letter. For I am worried lest someone who is ambitious says that he is more entitled to the position of leadership, but Allaah and the believers will not accept anyone other than Abu Bakr.’”
(Narrated by Muslim, 2387).
5 – During his final illness, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) appointed Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq to lead the Muslims in prayer and he did not accept anyone else to take his place. The fact that he was appointed to take his place in the case of minor leadership (leading the prayers) indicates that he would succeed him in the case of major leadership (as imaam or khaleefah).
And Allaah knows best.
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
June 29, 2012
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Abû Bakr al-Siddîq RA said:
I will not leave anything Allâh’s Messenger – Allâh’s peace and blessings be upon him – did, except that I will also do it; for I fear that if I were to leave any of his commands and ways I would deviate.
[Al-Bukhârî, Al-Sahîh 2:386 hadîth no. 3093; Ibn Battah, Al-Ibânah article 77, and others.]
April 30, 2012
“The city of Al-Madeenah literally trembled on the day that Abu Bakr (radi Allaahu ‘anhu) died; in fact; other than the day of the Prophet’s death the people of Madeenah had never witnessed a sadder day, nor a day upon which they had shed more tears. Upon hearing the sad news, ‘Ali ibn Abi-Talib (radi Allaahu ‘anhu) hurried towards Abu Bakr’s house, all the while saying, “Verily we belong to Allah, and to Him is our return.”
‘Ali (radi Allaahu ‘anhu) then stood outside the house in which Abu Bakr (raadi Allaahu ‘anhu) had died, and made the following long speech, which he addressed to Abu Bakr (raadi Allaahu ‘anhu) himself:
“O Abu Bakr, may Allah have Mercy upon you. You were the closest companion and friend of the Messenger of Allah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam); you were a comfort to him; you were the one he trusted most. If he had a secret, he would tell it to you; and if he needed to consult someone regarding a matter, he would consult you. You were the first of your people to embrace Islam, and you were the most sincere of them in your faith. Your faith was stronger than any other person’s, as was the degree to which you feared Allah. And you were wealthier then anyone else in terms of what you acquired from the religion of Allah ‘Azza Wa-Jall (The Posessor of Might and Majesty). You cared most for both the Messenger of Allah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and Islam. Of all people, you were the best Companion to the Messenger of Allah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam); you possessed the best qualities; you had the best past; you ranked the highest; and you were closest to him. And of all people you resembled the Messenger of Allah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) the most in terms of his guidance and demeanor. Your ranking was higher than anyone else’s, and the Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) honored you and held you in higher esteem than anyone else. On behalf of the Messenger of Allah and Islam, may Allah reward you with the best of rewards. When the people disbelieved in the Messenger of Allah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) you believed in him. Throughout his life, you were both his eyes with which he (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and his ears with which he heard. Allah has named you truthful in his book when He said:
“And he (Muhammad (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) who has brought the truth (this Qur’an and Islamic Monotheism) and (those who) believed therein (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism), those are Al-Muttaqun (the pious and righteous persons)” (Qur’an 39:33)
When people were stingy in their support for the Messenger of Allah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) you comforted him. And when people sat still, you stood side by side with the Messenger of Allah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), facing the same hardships that he faced. In times of hardship, you were truly a good and noble Companion of his. You were the ‘second of two’, his Companion in the Cave; and the one upon whom As-Sakeenah descended. You were his Companion during the migration and you were his successor regarding the religion of Allah and His nation. And truly good sucessor you proved to be when the people apostatized.
You did what no other Khaleefah of a Prophet did before you. You stood up firmly and bravely when his other Companions lost their resolve and became soft. And when they became weak, you adhered to the methodology of the Messenger of Allah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). You truly were as the Messenger of Allah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: weak in your body, but strong regarding the commands of Allah; humble in yourself, but lofty in your ranking with Allah; well-esteemed in the eyes of people, honored and great in their hearts. Not a single one of them had any reason to dislike you, to be suspicious of you, or to hold you in contempt.
The weak and humble you have always treated as strong and honorable, making sure you gave them what was rightfully theirs. And in this regard, you have treated relatives and strangers equally. Of all people, you respect those who are most obedient to Allah and who fear Him the most. In your overall character, you embody truth and compassion. Your speech has always been characterized by the qualities of wisdom and decisiveness. And you have always struck a noble balance between gentleness and firmness. You have always based your decisions on knowedge, and once you have made your decisions, you have always kept a firm resolve to execute them.
Verily to Allah do we belong, and to Him is our return. We are pleased with, and we submit to, Allah’s decree. And by Allah, other than the death of the Messenger of Allah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) Muslims have never been afflicted with a greater calamity than the calamity of your death. You have always been a protector, a sanctuary, and source of honor for this religion. May Allah ‘Azza Wa-Jall make you join the company of His Prophet, Muhammad (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and may He not deprive us of your reward. And may He not lead us astray after you.”
People had gathered around ‘Ali (raadi Allaahu ‘anhu) and listened to his speech until he was finished. Then they all cried with raised voices, and they all responded in unison to ‘Ali’s speech, saying, “Indeed, you have spoken the truth.” 
At-Tabsirah, by ibn Al-Jawzee (1/477-479); and Ashaab Ar-Rasool (1/108)
January 6, 2012
January 6, 2012
October 13, 2011
Al-Zuhri narrates that Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (radhiallahu ‘anhu) said in his khutbah one day: “O People! Be shy of Allah, for I swear by Allah, since I gave my pledge to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam), I have not gone out to the bathroom except with my head lowered out of shyness to Allah.”
April 13, 2011
March 11, 2011
عَنْ رَبِيْعَةَ الْأَسْلَمِيِّ قَالَ: كُنْتُ أَخْدُمُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ – صَلَّى اللهَ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -، فَأَعْطَانِي أَرْضاً، وَأَعْطَى أَبَا بَكْرٍ أَرْضاً، جَاءَتِ الْدُّنْيَا فَاخْتَلَفْنَا فِي عَذْقِ نَخْلَةٍ، فَقَالَ أَبُوْ بَكْرٍ: هِيَ فِي حَدِّ أَرْضِي! وَقُلْتُ أَنَا: هِيَ فِي حَدِّي! وِكَانَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ كَلَامٌ، فَقَالَ لِيَ أَبُوْ بَكْرٍ كَلِمَةً كَرِهْتُهَا وَنَدِمَ، فَقَاَل لِيَ: يَا رَبِيْعَةُ! رُدَّ عَلَيَّ مِثْلَهَا حَتَّى يَكُوْنَ قِصَاصاً. قُلْتُ: لَا أَفْعَلُ. فَقَالَ أَبُوْ بَكْرٍ: لَتَقُوْلَنَّ أَوْ لَأَسْتَعْدِيَنَّ عَلَيْكَ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -. قُلْتُ: مَا أَنَا بِفَاعِلٍ. قَالَ: وَرَفَضَ الْأَرْضَ. فَانْطَلَقَ أَبُوْ بَكْرٍ- رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ- إِلَى الْنَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -، فَانْطَلَقْتُ أَتْلُوْهُ، فَجَاءَ أُنَاسٌ مِنْ أَسْلَمَ فَقَالُوْا: رَحِمَ اللهُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ! فِيْ أَيِّ شَيْءٍ يَسْتَعْدِيْ عَلَيْكَ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ، وَهُوَ الْذِيْ قَالَ لَكَ مَا قَالَ؟! فَقُلْتُ: أَتَدْرُوْنَ مَنْ هَذَا؟ هَذَا أَبُوْ بَكْرِ الْصِّدِّيقُ وَهُوَ (ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ) ، وَهُوَ ذُوْ شَيْبَةِ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ، فَإِيَّاكُمْ يَلْتَفِتُ فَيَرَاكُمْ تَنْصرُوُنِيْ عَلَيْهِ فَيَغْضَبَ، فَيَأْتِيَ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلِيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – فَيَغْضَبَ لِغَضَبِهِ، فَيَغْضَبَ اللهُ لِغَضَبِهِمَا، فَيَهْلَكَ رَبِيْعَةُ. قَالُوْا: فَمَا تَأْمُرُنَا؟ قَالَ: اِرْجِعُوْا. فَانْطَلَقَ أَبُوْ بَكْرٍ- رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ- إِلَى رَسُوْلِ اللهِ – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -، وَتَبَعْتُهُ وَحْدِيْ، وَجَعَلْتُ أَتْلُوْهُ، حَتَّى أَتَى النَّبِيَّ – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – فَحَدَّثَهَ الْحَدِيْثَ كَمَا كَانَ. فَرَفَعَ إِلَيَّ رَأْسَهُ فَقَالَ: “يَا رَبِيْعَةُ! مَا لَكَ وَلِلْصِّدِّيْقِ؟ “، قُلْتُ: يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ كَانَ كَذَا وَكَانَ كَذَا؛ فَقَالَ لِيْ كَلِمَةً كَرِهْتُهَا؛ فَقَالَ لِيْ: قُلْ كَمَا قُلْتُ لَكَ حَتَّى يَكُوْنَ قِصَاصاً. فَقَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: أَجَلْ، فَلَا تَرُدَّ عَلَيْهِ، وَلَكِنْ قُلْ: غَفَرَ اللهُ لَكَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ! غَفَرَ اللهُ لَكَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ! قَالَ: فَوَلَّى أَبُوْ بَكْرٍ – رَحِمَهُ اللهُ- وَهُوَ يَبْكِي.
From Rabee’ah al-Aslamee, who said, “I used to serve the Prophet of Allaah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, so he gave me some land and he also gave Abu Bakr some land. So the worldly life came along and we differed concerning a cluster of date palm trees. Abu Bakr said, “It is within the boundary of my land!” And I said, “It is within my boundary.” There were some words exchanged and so Abu Bakr said something to me which I hated and he [immediately] regretted it. So he said to me, “O Rabee’ah! Say the same to me so that it will be even [i.e., you would have taken your right of retaliation, qisaas).” I said, “I will not do that.” Abu Bakr said, “You will indeed say it or I will seek the assistance of the Messenger of Allaah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, against you!” I said, “I am not going to do it.” Abu Bakr, may Allaah be pleased with him, left the land and then went to the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, and I went following him. Some people from [my tribe of] Aslam came and said, “May Allaah have mercy on Abu Bakr! Why is he going to seek the assistance of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, against you, whilst he is the one who said what he said to you?” I said, “Do you know who this is? This is Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq! The second of the two [in the cave], the elder of the Muslims. So beware in case he looks in your direction and sees you trying to aid me and thus becomes angry, and as a result goes to the Prophet of Allaah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, who becomes angry because of his [Abu Bakr’s] anger, and then Allaah becomes angry because of their anger and as a result Rabee’ah will be destroyed!” They said, “What do you order us to do?” I replied, “Go back.” So Abu Bakr, may Allaah be pleased with him, went to the Prophet of Allaah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, and I followed him alone. I did so until he came to the Messenger, صلى الله عليه وسلم, and narrated to him exactly what had happened. So he, صلى الله عليه وسلم, raised his head towards me and then said, “O Rabee’ah! What is [the issue] between yourself and Abu Bakr?” I said, “O Messenger of Allaah! Such and such happened and then he said a word to me which I hated and so he said to me, “Say the same to me so that it will be even.”” So the Prophet of Allaah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said, “Indeed! Do not say the same to him, rather say, ‘May Allaah forgive you, O Abu Bakr! May Allaah forgive you, O Abu Bakr!’” So Abu Bakr, may Allaah have mercy on him, left while he was crying.”
Silsilah, no. 3258.
December 16, 2010
قالت لي عائشة يا عروة! كان أبواك (من
الذين استجابوا لله والرسول من بعد ما أصابهم القرح) الزبير وأبو بكر
It is narrated from Hisham bin ‘Urwah that his father said: “Aishah said to me: ‘O ‘Urwah, your two fathers were those who answered (the call) of Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad) after being wounded,” (they were) Abu Bakr and Zubair.”
(Ibn Maja) (Sahih)